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  • Ohio

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  • Am I eligible To Vote in Ohio?

    Most States require citizens to be registered in order to vote. Make sure you understand the voter registration requirements in the state of Ohio.

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  • How Do I Register To Vote in Ohio?

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  • Can I Register At The Polls On Election Day?

    OHIO : Yes

    Ohio has "golden week" in which early voting begins 35 days before an election. This overlaps with Ohio's 30-day residency requirement for registering to vote and allows a voter to register and cast an early ballot on the same day. This was initially repealed by the legislature in 2014, but a recent court decision has reinstituted golden week. See NCSL's Absentee and Early Voting page for more information.

    If My Address Has Changed Do I Need To Re-register To Vote?

    When you register to vote, your voter registration is linked to your residential address. When registered voters move, they are supposed to update their registration records with election officials before voting

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  • DID YOU KNOW THE FOLLOWING ABOUT Ohio

    Ohio got its name from the Iroquois word, “O-Y-O,” meaning “great river.” The Iroquois Indians had begun to settle between the Ohio River and Great Lakes by 1650, although it is estimated that only a few hundred lived in present-day Ohio during any one period.

    The city of Cleveland was founded by Connecticut-born Moses Cleaveland, who, in 1796, went to survey land claimed by the Connecticut Land Co. as part of the Western Reserve. Although the city was originally named “Cleaveland,” in the early 1930s the Cleveland Advertiser dropped the “a” in order to fit the name on its masthead, and the new spelling caught on.

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    On May 4, 1970, three days after anti-Vietnam War protests at Kent State University began, four students were killed and nine were wounded when 29 National Guardsmen opened fire on campus. Of the deceased, two had not been involved with the protest. Four years later, the eight guardsmen who faced trial were acquitted.

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    The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed a suit against Ohio in 1997, arguing that its state motto, “With God All Things Are Possible,” violated the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which ensures freedom of religion. Ultimately Ohio was permitted to retain the motto since a federal ruling determined that it does not endorse a specific God and, therefore, is not a violation of the First Amendment.

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    Ohio’s nickname, the Buckeye State, is attributed to the prevalence of the local buckeye tree, whose fruit was believed to bear a striking resemblance to the eye of male deer by early American Indians.

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    The “Mother of Modern Presidents,” Ohio was the birthplace of seven U.S. presidents: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William H. Taft and Warren G. Harding.

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    State of Ohio Quick Facts
    • Current Population:11,613,423
    • Voter Registration Deadline: 30 days before an election
    • Election Day Voter Registration: No
    • Early Voting: Yes
    • Absentee Voting: Yes
    • Voter ID: Yes
    • Electoral Colleges: 20
    • Congressional Districts: 18
    • Date of Statehood: March 1, 1803
    • Size: 44,825 square miles
    • Nickname(s): Buckeye State
    • Tree: Buckeye
    • Flower: Red Carnation
    • Bird: Cardinal

    Ohio State Government

    Ohio Constitution

    PREAMBLE

    We, the people of the State of Ohio, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings and promote our common welfare, do establish this Constitution.

    All men are, by nature, free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and seeking and obtaining happiness and safety.

    All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for their equal protection and benefit, and they have the right to alter, reform, or abolish the same, whenever they may deem it necessary; and no special privileges or immunities shall ever be granted, that may not be altered, revoked, or repealed by the general assembly.

    The Executive Branch
    Ohio Statehouse columbus

    Executive Power

    The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in the governor.

    The executive department shall consist of a governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, auditor of state, treasurer of state, and an attorney general, who shall be elected on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, by the electors of the state, and at the places of voting for members of the General Assembly.

    Ohio Executive Offices
  • The Governor (Elected)
  • The Lieutenant Governor (Elected)
  • The Attorney General (Elected)
  • The Secretary Of State (Elected)
  • The Treasurer ()
  • Legislative Branch
    Ohio Statehouse columbus

    Legislative Power

    The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a general assembly consisting of a senate and house of representatives but the people reserve to themselves the power to propose to the general assembly laws and amendments to the constitution, and to adopt or reject the same at the polls on a referendum vote as hereinafter provided. They also reserve the power to adopt or reject any law, section of any law or any item in any law appropriating money passed by the general assembly, except as hereinafter provided; and independent of the general assembly to propose amendments to the constitution and to adopt or reject the same at the polls. The limitations expressed in the constitution, on the power of the general assembly to enact laws, shall be deemed limitations on the power of the people to enact laws.

    9 members make up the Ohio State House of Representatives, serving terms of two years, with a limit of four consecutive terms.

    There are 33 state senators.

    Judicial Branch
    The Ohio Supreme Court building in Columbus

    Judicial Power

    The judicial power of the state is vested in a Supreme Court, courts of appeals, courts of common pleas and divisions thereof, and such other courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may from time to time be established by law.

    The Supreme Court shall, until otherwise provided by law, consist of seven judges, who shall be known as the chief justice and justices. In case of the absence or disability of the chief justice, the judge having the period of longest total service upon the court shall be the acting chief justice. If any member of the court shall be unable, by reason of illness, disability or disqualification, to hear, consider and decide a cause or causes, the chief justice or the acting chief justice may direct any judge of any court of appeals to sit with the judges of the supreme court in the place and stead of the absent judge. A majority of the Supreme Court shall be necessary to constitute a quorum or to render a judgment.

    The state shall be divided by law into compact appellate districts in each of which there shall be a court of appeals consisting of three judges. Laws may be passed increasing the number of judges in any district wherein the volume of business may require such additional judge or judges. In districts having additional judges, three judges shall participate in the hearing and disposition of each case. The court shall hold sessions in each county of the district as the necessity arises. The county commissioners of each county shall provide a proper and convenient place for the court of appeals to hold court.

    Ohio Current Partisan Composition
    State Representatives(99)
    (33)(66)
    State Senators(33)
    (9)(24)
    US Representatives(16)
    (4)(12)
    US Senators(2)
    (1)(1)
    State Executives
    Governor
    Lt. Governor
    Att. General
    Sec. Of State

    State Officials Terms, Authority,Salary, and Qualitications

    Ohio Executive Offices
    The Governor
    Authority

    The governor has a duty to enforce state laws; the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Ohio State Legislature; the power to convene the legislature; and the power to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment.

    Qualifications

    A candidate for the governor's office may not hold any congressional or federal office or any other state office.

    Election

    In the general election for governor and lieutenant governor, one vote shall be cast jointly for the candidates nominated by the same political party or petition. The General Assembly shall provide by law for the nomination of candidates for governor and lieutenant governor.

    Term of Office

    The governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, and attorney general shall hold their offices for four years commencing on the second Monday of January, 1959.

    Limit on Tenure

    No person shall hold any one of the offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, attorney general, or auditor of state for a period longer than two successive terms of four years.

    Salary

    $148,304

    Qualification age

    The Lieutenant Governor
    Authority

    The lieutenant governor shall perform such duties in the executive department as are assigned to him by the governor and as are prescribed by law.

    Qualifications

    A candidate for the lieutenant governor may not hold any congressional or federal office or any other Ohio statewide office

    Election

    In the general election for governor and lieutenant governor, one vote shall be cast jointly for the candidates nominated by the same political party or petition. The General Assembly shall provide by law for the nomination of candidates for governor and lieutenant governor.

    Term of Office

    The governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, and attorney general shall hold their offices for four years commencing on the second Monday of January, 1959.

    Limit on Tenure

    No person shall hold any one of the offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, attorney general, or auditor of state for a period longer than two successive terms of four years.

    Salary

    $78,041

    Qualification age

    The Attorney General
    Authority

    Responsible for legal business of Ohio state government and its departments, boards and agencies and for the collection of debts owed to the state.

    Qualifications

    No person shall be elected or appointed to any office in this state unless possessed of the qualifications of an elector.

    Election

    The attorney general in Ohio is elected every four years, in midterm election years.

    Term of Office

    The governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, and attorney general shall hold their offices for four years commencing on the second Monday of January, 1959.

    Limit on Tenure

    No person shall hold any one of the offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, attorney general, or auditor of state for a period longer than two successive terms of four years.

    Salary

    $109,553

    Qualification age

    At least 18 years old.

    The Secretary Of State
    Authority

    The duties of the secretary of state in Ohio center on the office's three divisions: elections, business services, and records management.

    Qualifications

    No person shall be elected or appointed to any office in this state unless possessed of the qualifications of an elector.

    Election

    The secretary of state in Ohio is elected every four years, in mid-term election years.

    Term of Office

    The governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, and attorney general shall hold their offices for four years commencing on the second Monday of January, 1959.

    Limit on Tenure

    No person shall hold any one of the offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, attorney general, or auditor of state for a period longer than two successive terms of four years.

    Salary

    $109,553

    Qualification age

    The Treasurer
    Authority

    The treasurer is the chief financial officer of the state and serves as the state's banker. The most important duty of the treasury is to safeguard the taxpayer's money in Ohio.

    Qualifications

    No person shall be elected or appointed to any office in this state unless possessed of the qualifications of an elector.]>

    Term of Office

    The governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, and attorney general shall hold their offices for four years commencing on the second Monday of January, 1959.

    Limit on Tenure

    No person shall hold any one of the offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, treasurer of state, attorney general, or auditor of state for a period longer than two successive terms of four years.

    Salary

    $109,553

    Qualification age

    At least 18 years old.

    Ohio State Congress
    The State House
    Authority

    The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by all members. Duties of the Speaker include appointing the members and chairpersons of all committees, directing the legislative procedures and presiding over daily House sessions. In the absence of the Speaker, the Speaker Pro Tempore assumes the duties of the office

    Qualifications

    No member of the general assembly shall, during the term for which he was elected, unless during such term he resigns therefrom, hold any public office under the United States, or this state, or a political subdivision thereof; but this provision does not extend to officers of a political party, notaries public, or officers of the militia or of the United States armed forces.

    Election

    Representatives shall be elected biennially by the electors of the respective house of representatives districts; their term of office shall commence on the first day of January next thereafter and continue two years.

    Term of Office

    Terms shall be considered successive unless separated by a period of four or more years

    Limit on Tenure

    No person shall hold the office of State Representative for a period longer than four successive terms of two years

    Salary

    $60,584/year

    Qualification age

    The State Senate
    Authority

    Each legislative session, the President of the Senate, a member of the majority caucus, is chosen by all members of the Senate. The majority and minority caucuses select their respective leaders

    Qualifications

    No member of the general assembly shall, during the term for which he was elected, unless during such term he resigns therefrom, hold any public office under the United States, or this state, or a political subdivision thereof; but this provision does not extend to officers of a political party, notaries public, or officers of the militia or of the United States armed forces.

    Election

    Senators shall be elected by the electors of the respective senate districts; their terms of office shall commence on the first day of January next after their election. All terms of senators which commence on the first day of January, 1969 shall be four years, and all terms which commence on the first day of January, 1971 shall be four years. Thereafter, except for the filling of vacancies for unexpired terms, senators shall be elected to and hold office for terms of four years.

    Term of Office

    Terms shall be considered successive unless separated by a period of four or more years.

    Limit on Tenure

    No person shall hold the office of state senator for a period of longer than two successive terms of four years.

    Salary

    $60,584/year

    Qualification age

    Ohio State Courts
    The Supreme Court
    Authority

    In addition to all other powers vested by this article in the supreme court, the supreme court shall have general superintendence over all courts in the state. Such general superintending power shall be exercised by the chief justice in accordance with rules promulgated by the Supreme Court.

    Qualifications

    To be a qualified candidate for the Ohio Supreme Court, a person must have practiced law for at least six years, must be admitted to the Ohio Bar and must be younger than 70 years old

    Election

    The seven justices on the court, one chief justice and six associate justices, are elected to six-year terms on a nonpartisan ballot.

    Term of Office

    Are elected to six-year term.

    Limit on Tenure

    Chief salary

    $151,000

    Associates salary

    $142,000

    Qualification age

    Must be younger than 70 years old.

    The Court Appeals
    Authority

    Courts of appeals shall have such jurisdiction as may be provided by law to review and affirm, modify, or reverse judgments or final orders of the courts of record inferior to the court of appeals within the district, except that courts of appeals shall not have jurisdiction to review on direct appeal a judgment that imposes a sentence of death. Courts of appeals shall have such appellate jurisdiction as may be provided by law to review and affirm, modify, or reverse final orders or actions of administrative officers or agencies.

    Qualifications

    To be a qualified candidate for the Ohio Court Appeals, a person must have practiced law for at least six years, must be admitted to the Ohio Bar and must be younger than 70 years old.

    Election

    They are elected in nonpartisan elections and must face re-election if they wish to continue serving.

    Term of Office

    Judges in Ohio serve six-year terms.

    Limit on Tenure

    Salary

    $132,000

    Qualification age

    Be under the age of 70.

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