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Primary elections and Caucuses are one means by which a political party nominates candidates for the next general election.
Donald J. Trump is the 45th President of the United States. He believes the United States has incredible potential and will go on to exceed anything that it has achieved in the past.
Michael R. Pence is the 48th and current Vice President of the United States. Pence was born in Columbus, Indiana, on June 7, 1959, one of six children born to Edward and Nancy Pence.
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The American political system is clearly defined by basic documents. The Declaration of Independence of 1776 and the Constitution of 1789 form the foundations of the United States federal government. The United States Constitution is the shortest written constitution in the world with just seven articles and 27 amendments
Established by Article II of the Constitution,The President is both the head of state and the head of government, as well as the military commander-in-chief and chief diplomat.
He presides over the executive branch of the federal government. Within the executive branch, the President has broad constitutional powers to manage national affairs and the workings of the federal government and he may issue executive orders to affect internal policies.
|Max Terms||2 terms|
Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress. The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.
The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states in proportion to their total population.
In addition, there are 6 non-voting members, representing the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,
and four other territories of the United States.
The presiding officer of the chamber is the Speaker of the House, elected by the Representatives. He or she is third in the line of succession to the Presidency. Each member is elected to a two-year term.
The Senate is composed of 100 Senators, 2 for each state. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913,
Senators were chosen by state legislatures, not by popular vote. Since then, they have been elected to six-year terms by the
people of each state.
The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President's appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties.
The Vice President of the United States serves as President of the Senate and may cast the decisive vote in the event of a tie in the Senate.
Where the Executive and Legislative branches are elected by the people, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Federal courts enjoy the sole power to interpret the law, determine the constitutionality of the law, and apply it to individual cases.
Article III of the Constitution, which establishes the Judicial Branch, leaves Congress significant discretion to determine the shape and structure of the federal judiciary. Even the number of Supreme Court Justices is left to Congress (the current number is nine, with one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices).
|Term||They serve until their death, retirement, or conviction by the Senate.|
|Max Terms||Federal judges can only be removed through impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction in the Senate.|
Each state has its own written constitution. Under the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, all powers not granted to the federal government are reserved for the states and the people. All state governments are modeled after the federal government and consist of three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.
In every state, the executive branch is headed by a governor who is directly elected by the people. In most states, the other leaders in the executive branch are also directly elected, including the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the secretary of state, and auditors and commissioners.
There are 50 + 5 governors of the states and territories of the United States as well as the mayoralty of the District of Columbia.
All 50 states have legislatures made up of elected representatives, who consider matters brought forth by the governor or introduced by its members to create legislation that becomes law. The legislature also approves a state's budget and initiates tax legislation and articles of impeachment.
Except for one state, Nebraska, all states have a bicameral legislature made up of two chambers: a smaller upper house and a larger lower house. Together the two chambers make state laws and fulfill other governing responsibilities. (Nebraska is the lone state that has just one chamber in its legislature.) The smaller upper chamber is always called the Senate, and its members generally serve longer terms, usually four years. The larger lower chamber is most often called the House of Representatives, but some states call it the Assembly or the House of Delegates.
State judicial branches are usually led by the state supreme court, which hears appeals from lower-level state courts. Court structures and judicial appointments/elections are determined either by legislation or the state constitution.
The Supreme Court focuses on correcting errors made in lower courts and therefore holds no trials. Rulings made in state supreme courts are normally binding; however, when questions are raised regarding consistency with the U.S. Constitution, matters may be appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court.
Voting is the essence of democracy. Voting in the United States is voluntary. Some people vote in person at the polls, while others vote by mail days or weeks before the actual election date. It's important that all U.S. citizens who qualify to vote participate in the democratic process of electing public officials. Locate your local registrar office
Most U.S. states require voters to register before an election. Ten states presently offer same-day registration (SDR), allowing any qualified resident of the state to go to the polls on election day, register that day, and then vote.
All states will mail an absentee ballot to certain voters. The voter may return the ballot by mail or in person. In 20 states, an excuse is required, while 27 states and the District of Columbia permit any qualified voter to vote absentee without offering an excuse.
When you register to vote, your voter registration is linked to your residential address. When registered voters move, they are supposed to update their registration records with election officials before voting.
The Office Of Personnel Management (OPM) has advised Federal agencies that where the polls are not open at least 3 hours either before or after an employee's regular work hours, an agency may grant a limited amount of excused absence to permit the employee to report for work 3 hours after the polls open or leave from work 3 hours before the polls close, whichever requires the lesser amount of time off. An employee's "regular work hours" should be determined by reference to the time of day the employee normally arrives at and departs from work.
For example, if an employee is scheduled to work from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and the employee's polling place is open from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., the employee should not be granted excused absence for voting, since the employee would still have at least 3 hours after the end of his or her workday to vote.
Time Off To Vote Laws vary by state.Many states have laws that require private employers to give employees time off to vote. The laws vary among states, and time-off for voting may only be required under certain circumstances. In addition, state law may require that the employee must be paid for this time.
There are several situations when voters need to show identification before voting. Usually, ID is required to prove the voter's identity and residency at the address of the registration. A total of thirty-four states have passed voter ID laws. These are not all in force at this point, either because the implementation date is in the future or because of court challenges.
The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators.
The Vice President of the United States serves as President of the Senate and may cast the decisive vote in the event of a tie in the Senate.
The largest air force in the world is the U.S. Air Force. The world's second-largest air force is the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps combined.
Federal elections occur every two years, on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Every member of the House of Representatives and about one-third of the Senate is up for reelection in any given election year. A presidential election is held every fourth year.
The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President's appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties. There are, however, two exceptions to this rule: the House must also approve appointments to the Vice Presidency and any treaty that involves foreign trade. The Senate also tries impeachment cases for federal officials referred to it by the House.
In order to pass legislation and send it to the President for his signature, both the House and the Senate must pass the same bill by majority vote.
The attorney general is popularly elected in 43 states, and is appointed by the governor in five states (Alaska, Hawaii, New Hampshire, New Jersey and Wyoming) and in the five jurisdictions of American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. In Maine, the attorney general is selected by secret ballot of the legislature, and in Tennessee, by the state Supreme Court. In the District of Columbia, the mayor appoints the attorney general.
The day Congress voted us free from British rule is July 2, 1776. July 4 is just when John Hancock put the first signature on the Declaration of Independence to spread the word.
If the President vetoes a bill, they may override his veto by passing the bill again in each chamber with at least two-thirds of each body voting in favor.
Statistically, the deadliest job in America is president. Of the 44 men who've held the post, four have been assassinated in office— a rate of roughly 9 percent (or about one in ten) killed on the job.
The first person to become president who was born in a hospital was Jimmy Carter.
The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France in 1884.
American Indians were not US citizens until 1924.
The US has no official language.
Harvard was the first university in the US and was founded in 1636.
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson had a bet on who would die first. They both died on July 4th, 1826, each thinking the other had outlived him.
The holiday of Thanksgiving actually dates to the Civil War and was designed to help bring the country together
The original capital of the US was Philadelphia. Washington, DC became the capital in 1790.
The US Navy has the second-largest air force in the world. The US Air Force has the first.
George Washington used to grow hemp.
In 1776, the Republic of Ragusa, now part of present-day Croatia, became the first country to recognize the US.
The US is a republic with three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial.
63% of young Americans can’t find Iraq on a map.
Gerald Ford was the only man to be both President and Vice President but who was not elected to either post.
The Pentagon is the largest office building in the world by area.
In 1985, the United States Senate passed a resolution asking the president to declare the rose as the national floral emblem. On November 20th, 1986, then president Ronald Reagan signed a proclamation certifying the rose as the national flower in a ceremony at the White House Rose Garden.
32% of all land in the US is owned by the federal government.
The Declaration of Independence was written on hemp paper.
The US is a diverse country with a multicultural society.
The US developed the first nuclear weapons, using them on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki near the end of World War 2
Alaska was purchased from Russia in 1867 and is the largest state in the US by land area
The most popular team sports in the US are American football, baseball, basketball and ice hockey.
The US is the 4th largest country in the world by land area and 3rd by population.
|Dwight D. Eisenhower||1953-1961||486|
|Franklin D. Roosevelt||1933-1945||2019|
|George W. Bush||2001-2009||291|
|Gerald R. Ford||1974-1977||169|
|Harry S. Truman||1945-1953||901|
|John F. Kennedy||1961-1963||214|
|Lyndon B. Johnson||1963-1969||324|
|William J. Clinton||1993-2001||364|
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