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California Electoral Resource

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When's The Next Election?

UPCOMING DATES
June 6, 2017
California : Special General Election U.S. Representative, 34th District (Xavier Becerra)
November 7, 2017
California : Municipal General Election
June 5, 2018
California : Statewide Direct Primary Election 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
November 6, 2018
California : General Election Day

Did You Know?

DID YOU KNOW THE FOLLOWING ABOUT California

Following James Marshall’s discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill in Coloma in 1848, California’s population leaped from 14,000 to 250,000 in only four years. Between 1850 and 1859, miners extracted 28,280,711 fine ounces of gold.

California has the largest economy in the United States and, in 1997, was the first state to reach the trillion-dollar benchmark in gross state product. In 2012, California was ranked the ninth largest economy in the world.

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California grows more than 3.3 million tons of winegrapes on over 540,000 acres each year and produces roughly 90 percent of all U.S. wine.

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The highest and lowest points in the continental United States are located within 100 miles of one another in California: Mount Whitney measures 14,505 feet and Badwater Basin in Death Valley is 282 feet below sea level.

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Considered to be the hottest, driest place in the United States, Death Valley often reaches temperatures greater than 120 degrees Fahrenheit during the summer and averages only around two inches of rain each year.

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With a trunk slightly greater than 102 feet in circumference, the General Sherman in Sequoia National Park is the largest living tree (by volume) in the world. It is estimated to be somewhere between 1,800 to 2,700 years old.

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Southern California has about 10,000 earthquakes each year, although only 15 to 20 of them have a magnitude greater than 4.0.

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Despite its urbanization and the loss of land to industry, California still leads the country in agricultural production. About one-half of the state’s land is federally owned. National parks located throughout the state are devoted to the preservation of nature and natural resources.

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The Hollywood Bowl in California is the world’s largest amphitheater.

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State of California Quick Facts
  • Current Population:39,144,818
  • Voter Registration Deadline: 15 days before an election
  • Election Day Voter Registration: Yes
  • Early Voting: Yes
  • Absentee Voting: Yes
  • Voter ID: No
  • Electoral Colleges: 55
  • Congressional Districts: 53
  • Date of Statehood: September 9, 1850
  • Nickname(s): The Golden State; The Land of Milk and Honey; The El Dorado State; The Grape State
  • Tree: California Redwood
  • Flower: Poppy
  • Size: 163,694 square miles
  • Bird: California Valley Quail
Registered Voters

Eligible Registered Voters: 24,783,789

Registered Voters: 17,915,053

  • Democratic : 8,029,130
  • Republican : 4,888,771
  • American Independent : 457,173
  • Green : 77,868
  • Libertarian : 115,189
  • Peace and Freedom : 71,326
  • No Party Preference : 4,177,648
  • Other : 97,948

Voting And Elections

Am I eligible To Vote in California?

Most States require citizens to be registered in order to vote. Make sure you understand the voter registration requirements in the state of California.

  • >>Check if you are eligible to vote

  • Can I Register At The Polls On Election Day?
    CALIFORNIA : Yes

    California's same-day registration will take effect on January 1 of the year following the year in which the Secretary of State certifies that the state has a statewide voter registration database complies with the requirements of the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002

    If My Address Has Changed Do I Need To Re-register To Vote?

    When you register to vote, your voter registration is linked to your residential address. When registered voters move, they are supposed to update their registration records with election officials before voting

  • >>Check if you need to re-register to vote

  • How Do I Register To Vote in California?
    Voter registration is a means of determining the candidates and issues for which each voter is eligible to vote. Most states require voters to register to vote a certain number of days before Election Day. Voter Registration also protects the integrity of the ballot box by preventing voting in multiple jurisdictions.

    To register to vote inthe state of California, voters have the following options :

    In Person

    You can also pick up a paper voter registration application at your county elections office, library, Department of Motor Vehicles offices, or U.S. post office. It is important that your voter registration application be filled out completely and be hand-delivered to your county elections office at least 15 days before the election.

    By Mail

    You can also pick up a paper voter registration application at your county elections office, library, Department of Motor Vehicles offices, or U.S. post office. It is important that your voter registration application be filled out completely and be postmarked by least 15 days before the election.

    Online

    You can apply to register to vote right now by filling in the online application

    Safe At Home members

    If you are enrolled in California's confidential address program, Safe At Home, please do not apply to register to vote using the online option. Contact the Safe At Home program toll-free at (877) 322-5227 or by the Safe At Home email.

    Can I Take Time Off For Voting? Yes

    (a) If a voter does not have sufficient time outside of working hours to vote at a statewide election, the voter may, without loss of pay, take off enough working time that, when added to the voting time available outside of working hours, will enable the voter to vote.

    (b) No more than two hours of the time taken off for voting shall be without loss of pay. The time off for voting shall be only at the beginning or end of the regular working shift, whichever allows the most free time for voting and the least time off from the regular working shift, unless otherwise mutually agreed.

    (c) If the employee on the third working day prior to the day of election, knows or has reason to believe that time off will be necessary to be able to vote on election day, the employee shall give the employer at least two working days' notice that time off for voting is desired, in accordance with this section.

    California State Government

    California Constitution

    PREAMBLE

    We, the People of the State of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure and perpetuate its blessings, do establish this Constitution.

    The state's first constitution was adopted in November 1849 in advance of California attaining U.S. statehood in 1850.

    The Executive Branch
    10th Street and L Street, Sacramento, California

    Executive Power

    The supreme executive power of this state is vested in the Governor. The Governor shall see that the law is faithfully executed.

    Executive officials in California are part of a three-pronged government structure that includes state legislators and state judges.

    California Executive Offices
  • The Governor (Elected)
  • The Lieutenant Governor (Elected)
  • The Attorney General (Elected)
  • The Secretary Of State (Elected)
  • Legislative Branch
    10th Street and L Street, Sacramento, California

    Legislative Power

    The legislative power of this state is vested in the California Legislature which consists of the Senate and Assembly, but the people reserve to themselves the powers of initiative and referendum.

    The ability of legislators to serve unlimited number of terms, to establish their own retirement system, and to pay for staff and support services at state expense contribute heavily to the extremely high number of incumbents who are reelected.

    California Legislative Chambers
  • The State House (Elected)
  • The State Senate (Elected)
  • Judicial Branch
    10th Street and L Street, Sacramento, California

    Judicial Power

    The judicial power of this state is vested in the Supreme Court, Courts of Appeal, and Superior Courts, all of which are courts of record.

    The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of California and 6 associate justices. The Chief Justice may convene the court at any time. Concurrence of 4 judges present at the argument is necessary for a judgment.

    California Current Partisan Composition
    State Representatives(80)
    (55)(25)
    State Senators(40)
    (27)(13)
    US Representatives(53)
    (39)(14)
    US Senators(2)
    (2)
    State Executives
    Governor
    Lt. Governor
    Att. General
    Sec. Of State

    State Officials Terms, Authority,Salary, and Qualitications

    California Executive Offices
    The Governor
    Authority

    The Constitution of California establishes the office of governor in Article V, the Executive.

    Qualifications

    The Governor shall be an elector who has been a citizen of the United States and a resident of this state for 5 years immediately preceding the Governor's election.

    Election

    California elects governors in federal midterm election years, e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034.

    Term of Office

    The Governor shall be elected every fourth year at the same time and places as members of the Assembly and hold office from the Monday after January 1 following the election until a successor qualifies

    Limit on Tenure

    California governors are restricted to two terms in office during their lifetime.

    Salary

    $182,791

    Qualification age

    The Lieutenant Governor
    Authority

    The California Constitution is established by Article V, the Executive.[

    Qualifications

    The lieutenant governor must fulfill the same qualifications as the governor and may not hold any other public offices, engage in any lobbying or accept any honorariums. He or she must be a registered voter in California, a resident of the state for at least five years on election day and an American citizens for at least five years.

    Election

    California elects lieutenant governors on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in federal midterm election years, e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026 and 2030.

    Term of Office

    Length of term 4 years.

    Limit on Tenure

    Per Article 5, Section 11 of the state constitution, lieutenant governors, like all state constitutional officers, face an absolute limit of two terms in office

    Salary

    $137,093

    Qualification age

    The Attorney General
    Authority

    The office of attorney general is established by the California Constitution.[

    Qualifications

    State law requires that the attorney general be admitted to practice before the California Supreme Court for five years before election.

    Election

    ttorneys general are elected on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in federal midterm election years, e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026 and 2030.

    Term of Office

    Length of term 4 years.

    Limit on Tenure

    Attorneys general, like all state constitutional officers, face an absolute limit of two terms in office.

    Salary

    $158,775

    Qualification age

    The Secretary Of State
    Authority

    The office of secretary of state is established by the California Constitution.

    Qualifications

    Not have been registered with a different political party in the last 12 months.Not have been previously term-limited out

    Election

    Secretaries of state are elected on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in federal midterm election years, e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026 and 2030.

    Term of Office

    Length of term 4 years.

    Limit on Tenure

    Per Article 5, Section 2 of the California Constitution, secretaries of state face an absolute limit of two terms in office.

    Salary

    $137,093

    Qualification age

    California State Congress
    The State House
    Authority

    The speaker of the Assembly presides over the Assembly in the chief leadership position, controlling the flow of legislation and committee assignments. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus, followed by confirmation of the full Assembly on passage of a floor vote

    Qualifications

    Has been a resident of the legislative district for one year, and a citizen of the United States and a resident of California for 3 years.

    Election

    Election of members of the Assembly shall be on the first. Tuesday after the first Monday in November of even-numbered years unless otherwise prescribed by the Legislature. Senators shall be elected at the same time and places as members of the Assembly.

    Term of Office

    The terms of a Senator or a Member of the Assembly shall commence on the first Monday in December next following her or his election.

    Limit on Tenure

    During her or his lifetime a person may serve no more than 12 years in the Senate.

    Salary

    $100,113/year.

    Qualification age

    The State Senate
    Authority

    As of the 2010 Census, each California senator represented a district with an average population of 931,349 residents.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 846,791 residents

    Qualifications

    Has been a resident of the legislative district for one year, and a citizen of the United States and a resident of California for 3 years.

    Election

    Election of members of the Assembly shall be on the first. Tuesday after the first Monday in November of even-numbered years unless otherwise prescribed by the Legislature. Senators shall be elected at the same time and places as members of the Assembly.

    Term of Office

    The terms of a Senator or a Member of the Assembly shall commence on the first Monday in December next following her or his election.

    Limit on Tenure

    During her or his lifetime a person may serve no more than 12 years in the Senate.

    Salary

    $100,113/year.

    Qualification age

    California State Courts
    The Supreme Court
    Authority

    In addition, the Supreme Court reviews the recommendations of the Commission on Judicial Performance and the State Bar of California concerning the discipline of judges and attorneys for misconduct.

    Qualifications

    To be eligible for appointment, a person must have been a member of the State Bar of California or a judge of a court in this state for at least 10 years.

    Election

    One Chief Justice and six associate justices are appointed by the Governor, confirmed by the Commission on Judicial Appointments, and confirmed by the public at the next general election.

    Term of Office

    A justice also comes before the voters at the end of his or her 12-year term.

    Limit on Tenure

    The appointments are confirmed by the public at the next general election; justices also come before voters at the end of their 12-year terms.

    Salary

    Qualification age

    The Superior Court
    Authority

    Prior to June 1998, California’s trial courts consisted of superior and municipal courts, each with its own jurisdiction and with its number of judges fixed by the Legislature. On June 2, 1998, California voters approved a constitutional amendment permitting the judges in each county to unify their superior and municipal courts into a single superior court with jurisdiction over all case types.

    Qualifications

    A superior court judge must have been an attorney admitted to practice law in California or have served as a judge of a court of record in this state for at least 10 years immediately preceding election or appointment.

    Election

    Are elected by county voters on a nonpartisan ballot at a general election.

    Term of Office

    Superior court judges serve six-year terms.

    Limit on Tenure

    Salary

    Qualification age

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    California Congressional Districts
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