US Politics

U.S. Capitol

Choices for Deficit Reduction: An Update

Federal debt is projected to rise significantly over the long term. What policy changes could reduce future deficits and thus lower the trajectory of federal debt? What criteria might be used to evaluate those policy changes?
In coming decades, the aging of the population, rising health care costs, and the expansion of federal subsidies for health insurance will put increasing pressure on the federal budget.

read the full report

Economic Outlook

Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2014 to 2024

The federal budget deficit will shrink to $514 billion in 2014, or 3 percent of GDP, CBO projects. Under current law, it will continue to decline next year as the economy continues to improve, but beginning in 2016, deficits will rise, further boosting the already large federal debt.

CBO expects economic growth to be solid in the near term, but unemployment to remain elevated, finally dropping below 6.0 percent in 2017.

Read the full analysis

Public Debt

Macroeconomic Effects of Alternative Budgetary Paths

Federal debt held by the public now exceeds 70 percent of the nation's annual output (gross domestic product, or GDP) and stands at a higher percentage than in any year since 1950. Under an assumption whereby current laws generally remain unchanged, federal debt will be 77 percent of GDP in 2023, CBO projects.

Read the full analysis

Primaries

Primary Election Dates for Statewide offices and Congress

The 2014 U.S. Midterm election will be held on Tuesday, the 4th of November 2014. There will be a Total of 39 Gubernatorial Elections. Congressional elections (federal and states congress) will be held nationwide. A total of 35 U.S. Senate seats up for election in 2014.

2014 Primary Election Calendar

Deficit

The Effects of a Minimum-Wage Increase on Employment and Family Income

Increasing the minimum wage would have two principal effects on low-wage workers. Most of them would receive higher pay that would increase their family’s income, and some of those families would see their income rise above the poverty threshold. But some jobs for low-wage workers would probably be eliminated ...

Read the full analysis

Projected Deficits

The 2013 Long-Term Projections for Social Security: Additional Information

Spending on the Social Security program will exceed its dedicated tax revenues, on average, by about 12 percent over the next decade, CBO projects. The gap will grow larger in the 2020s and will exceed 30 percent of revenues by 2030.

Read the full analysis

Federal Grants

Federal Grants to State and Local Governments

In fiscal year 2011, the federal government provided $607 billion in grants to state and local governments. Those funds accounted for 17 percent of federal outlays, 4 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), and a quarter of spending by state and local governments that year.

Read the full analysis

Tax Rates

Effective Marginal Tax Rates for Low- and Moderate-Income Workers

Effective marginal tax rates among low- and moderate-income workers are about 30 percent, on average, with about one-third of that rate stemming from the federal income tax, more than a third from federal payroll taxes, and the remainder from state income taxes and the phaseout of SNAP benefits (formerly known as food stamps

Read the full analysis

  • Choices for Deficit Reduction
  • The Budget and Economic Outlook
  • Federal Debt Held by the public
  • 2014 Primaries Calendar
  • Effects of a Minimum-Wage Increase
  • Social Security Program
  • Federal Grants To States
  • Effective Marginal Tax Rates
Voting And Elections

About Voting

Voting is the essence of democracy.Voting in the United States is voluntary. Some people vote in person at the polls, while others vote by mail days or weeks before the actual election date. It's important that all U.S. citizens who qualify to vote participate in the democratic process of electing public officials. Locate your local registrar office

Register To Vote

Most U.S. states require voters to register before an election. Ten states presently offer same-day registration (SDR), allowing any qualified resident of the state to go to the polls on election day, register that day, and then vote.

When you register to vote,your voter registrations are linked to your residential address.When registered voters move, they are supposed to update their registration records with election officials before voting

Under federal law, if you move within 30 days of a presidential election, you are allowed to vote for President and Vice President in your former state of residence, either in person or by absentee ballot.

Click this link to browse state by state voting guide

Early Voting

In 33 states and the District of Columbia, any qualified voter may cast a ballot in person during a designated period prior to Election Day. No excuse or justification is required.

Absentee Voting

All states will mail an absentee ballot to certain voters. The voter may return the ballot by mail or in person. In 20 states, an excuse is required, while 27 states and the District of Columbia permit any qualified voter to vote absentee without offering an excuse. Some states offer a permanent absentee ballot list: once a voter asks to be added to the list, s/he will automatically receive an absentee ballot for all future elections.

Mail Voting

Two states -- Oregon and Washington -- conduct all elections by mail. A ballot is automatically mailed to every registered voter in advance of Election Day, and traditional in-person voting precincts are not available. Learn more about Oregon's vote-by-mail program

Voter identification (ID) requirements

There are several situations when voters need to show identification before voting. Usually, ID is required to prove the voter's identity and residency at the address of the registration. A total of thirty-four states have passed voter ID laws. These are not all in force at this point, either because the implementation date is in the future or because of court challenges.

States that Require ID (Photo ID, Non Photo ID)

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arkansas
  • Arizona
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Indiana
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Michigan
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • Washington,

Voter ID Law Not yet in effect in : Pennsylvania,Wisconsin,North Carolina,Mississippi.

Note:

  • A state judge temporarily blocked enforcement of Pennsylvania's new voter ID law.
  • New voter ID law has not yet been implemented;state presently has no voter ID law in effect. North Carolina's goes into effect in 2016
  • Mississippi's new voter ID law was passed via the citizen initiative process. It will be used for the first time in 2014.
  • Wisconsin's voter ID law was declared unconstitutional on March 12, 2012. Dane County Circuit Judge Richard Niess issued a permanent injunction barring enforcement of the law, which the state has said it will appeal.
  • The new strict photo ID law in Arkansas will take effect on January 1, 2014, or when the funding to the Secretary of State for the issuance of free IDs for voting purposes has been appropriated and is available.
  • Virginia's strict photo ID requirement takes effect on July 1, 2014. Until then, a strict non-photo ID law remains in effect.

Federal Employees

The Office Of Personnel Management (OPM) has advised Federal agencies that where the polls are not open at least 3 hours either before or after an employee's regular work hours, an agency may grant a limited amount of excused absence to permit the employee to report for work 3 hours after the polls open or leave from work 3 hours before the polls close, whichever requires the lesser amount of time off. An employee’s “regular work hours” should be determined by reference to the time of day the employee normally arrives at and departs from work.

For example, if an employee is scheduled to work from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and the employee's polling place is open from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., the employee should not be granted excused absence for voting, since the employee would still have at least 3 hours after the end of his or her workday to vote. However, if an employee is scheduled to work from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and the employee's polling place is open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m., the employee may be granted 1/2 hour of excused absence from 4:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m., if requested.

Private-Sector Employees

Time Off To Vote Laws vary by state.Many states have laws that require private employers to give employees time off to vote. The laws vary among states, and time-off for voting may only be required under certain circumstances. In addition, state law may require that the employee must be paid for this time.

U.S. Congress

Recent National Key Votes :


Bill Passed in US Congress

  • Senate
  • Passage -- Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (H J Res 117)
  • Passage -- Middle Class Tax Cut Act (S 3412)
  • Passage -- Agriculture Reform, Food, and Jobs Act of 2012 (S 3240)
  • Amendment Vote -- Prohibits Food Aid to North Korea Unless Waived by President (S Amdt 2454)
  • Tabling Vote -- Reduces Funding for Food Stamps (S Amdt 2392)
  • Tabling Vote -- Repeals Sugar Subsidies (S Amdt 2393)
  • House
  • Passage -- Stop the War on Coal Act of 2012 (HR 3409)
  • Passage -- Congressional Disapproval of Department of Health and Human Services Rule to Waive Certain Requirements for the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF) (H J Res 118)
  • Passage -- Prohibits Public Funding for Political Party Conventions (HR 5912)
  • Passage -- No More Solyndras Act (HR 6213)
  • Passage -- Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (H J Res 117)
  • Passage -- National Security and Job Protection Act (HR 6365)
  • Passage -- FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act of 2012 (HR 5949)
  • Passage -- Pathway to Job Creation through a Simpler, Fairer Tax Code Act of 2012 (HR 6169)
  • Passage -- Agricultural Disaster Assistance Act of 2012 (HR 6233)
  • Passage -- Job Protection and Recession Prevention Act of 2012 (HR 8)
  • Passage -- Presidential Appointment Efficiency and Streamlining Act of 2011 (S 679)
  • Passage -- Federal Employee Tax Accountability Act of 2012 (HR 828)
  • Passage -- Red Tape Reduction and Small Business Job Creation Act (HR 4078)
  • Passage -- Congressional Replacement of President Obama's Offshore Drilling Plan (HR 6082)
  • Passage -- Federal Reserve Transparency Act of 2012 (HR 459)
  • Passage -- Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2013 (HR 5856)
  • Amendment Vote -- Prohibits Use of Funds in Contravention of the Defense of Marriage Act (H Amdt 1416)
  • Passage -- National Strategic and Critical Minerals Production Act of 2012 (HR 4402)
  • Passage -- Repeals the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (HR 6079)
  • Passage -- Domestic Energy and Jobs Act (HR 4480)
  • Passage -- Conservation and Economic Growth Act (HR 2578)
  • Passage -- Repeals Excise Tax on Medical Devices (HR 436)
  • Passage -- Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act for 2013 (HR 5855)
  • Amendment Vote -- Project Labor Agreements (H Amdt 1160)

Bill Failed in US Congress

  • Senate
  • Cloture Vote -- Cybersecurity Act of 2012 (S 3414)
  • Amendment Vote -- Tax Hike Prevention Act of 2012 (S Amdt 2573)
  • Cloture Vote -- Bring Jobs Home Act (S 3364)
  • Cloture Vote -- DISCLOSE Act (S 3369)
  • Cloture Vote -- Small Business Jobs and Tax Relief Act (S 2237)
  • Amendment Vote -- Requires Labels on Foods with Genetically Modified Ingredients (S Amdt 2310)
  • Amendment Vote -- Prohibits the EPA from Conducting Aerial Surveillance of Agricultural Operations (S Amdt 2372)
  • Amendment Vote -- Limits Eligibility for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) (S Amdt 2174)
  • Amendment Vote -- Rescinds Bonuses to States for Administering Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) (S Amdt 2172)
  • Amendment Vote -- Increases Funding for the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (S Amdt 2156)
  • Amendment Vote -- Limits Farm Subsidies to Farmers with Incomes Under $250,000 (S Amdt 2181)
  • Cloture Vote -- Paycheck Fairness Act (S 3220)
  • House
  • Passage -- STEM Jobs Act of 2012 (HR 6429)
  • Passage -- District of Columbia Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act (HR 3803)
  • Passage -- President Obama's Proposed 2012-2017 Offshore Drilling Lease Sale Plan Act (HR 6168)
  • Motion Vote -- Extension of Surface Transportation Funding and Approval of the Keystone XL Pipeline (HR 4348)
  • Passage -- Prenatal Nondiscrimination Act (PRENDA) of 2012 (HR 3541)
Committees of the U.S. Congress

Committees are panels of Members of the House and/or Senate tasked with conducting hearings, examining and developing legislation, conducting oversight, and/or helping to manage chamber business and activities.

U.S. HouseU.S. Senate
Standing Committees

  1. Agriculture
  2. Appropriations
  3. Armed Services
  4. Budget
  5. Education and the Workforce
  6. Energy and Commerce
  7. Ethics
  8. Financial Services
  9. Foreign Affairs
  10. Homeland Security
  11. House Administration
  12. Judiciary
  13. Natural Resources
  14. Oversight and Government Reform
  15. Rules
  16. Science, Space, and Technology
  17. Small Business
  18. Transportation and Infrastructure
  19. Veterans' Affairs
  20. Ways and Means

Select Committee and Commissions

  1. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (U.S. Helsinki Commission)
  2. Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission
  3. Intelligence (Permanent)-Select Committee

Standing Committees

  1. Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
  2. Appropriations
  3. Armed Services
  4. Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
  5. Budget
  6. Commerce, Science, and Transportation
  7. Energy and Natural Resources
  8. Environment and Public Works
  9. Finance
  10. Foreign Relations
  11. Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
  12. Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
  13. Judiciary
  14. Rules and Administration
  15. Small Business and Entrepreneurship
  16. Veterans' Affairs

Special Committees,Select Committees,Caucuses

  1. Aging(Special Committee)
  2. Ethics(Select Committee)
  3. Indian Affairs(Other Committee)
  4. Intelligence(Select Committee)
  5. Caucus on International Narcotics Control

Joint Committees

  1. Joint Economic
  2. Joint Library
  3. Joint Printing
  4. Joint Taxation

In progress

Members of Congress Benefits

The current salary for all senators and members is $174,000. The salary for the speaker is $223,500 and the salary for the majority and minority leaders is $193,400.

Members of Congress are covered by the same retirement plans as other federal employees, the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) for those hired, or elected, before 1984, and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) for those whose service began in 1984 or later. There are some differences in retirement age eligibility, years of service required, and contributions. Members elected after 1984 also participate in Social Security.

As of October 1, 2007, the average annual pension for former members under the CSRS plan was $63,696; for those under the FERS plan, $36,732.

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U.S. Supreme Court

The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and such number of Associate Justices as may be fixed by Congress. The number of Associate Justices is currently fixed at eight (28 U. S. C. §1). Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate, as stated in the Constitution. The names of potential nominees are often recommended by senators or sometimes by members of the House who are of the President's political party. The Senate Judiciary Committee typically conducts confirmation hearings for each nominee. Article III of the Constitution states that these judicial officers are appointed for a life term.

There have been as few as six Supreme Court Justices, but since 1869 there have been nine Justices, including one Chief Justice.Federal courts enjoy the sole power to interpret the law, determine the constitutionality of the law, and apply it to individual cases.

Court Officers assist the Court in the performance of its functions. They include the Counselor to the Chief Justice, the Clerk, the Librarian, the Marshal, the Reporter of Decisions, the Court Counsel, the Curator, the Director of Information Technology, and the Public Information Officer. The Counselor is appointed by the Chief Justice. The Clerk, Reporter of Decisions, Librarian, and Marshal are appointed by the Court. All other Court Officers are appointed by the Chief Justice in consultation with the Court.

Chief Justice Roberts

Chief Justice John G. Roberts(MD)(Born in 1955)

Appointed by: President G. W. Bush - Republicain in 2005

Political View: Chief Justice Roberts has been described as having a conservative judicial philosophy in his jurisprudence

Education: Harvard College-- Harvard University

Justice Scalia

Associate Justice Antonin Scalia (VA)(Born in 1936)

Appointed by: President Reagan -Republicain in 1986

Political View: Scalia has staked out a conservative ideology in his opinions, advocating textualism in statutory interpretation and originalism in constitutional interpretation.

Education: Georgetown University -- University of Fribourg -- Harvard Law School

Justice Kennedy

Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy (CA)(Born in 1936)

Appointed by: Republicain - Reagan in 1988

Political View: Kennedy has often been the swing vote on many of the Court's 5-4 decisions

Education: Stanford University -- London School of Economics -- Harvard Law School

Justice Thomas

Associate Justice Clarence Thomas (GA)(Born in 1948)

Appointed by: President G. H. Bush -Republicain in 1991

Political View: Thomas is generally viewed as the most conservative member of the Court

Education: Conception Seminary College -- College of the Holy Cross -- Yale Law School

Justice Ginsburg

Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg (NY)(Born in 1933)

Appointed by: President B. Clinton -Democrat in 1993

Political View: Ginsburg is generally viewed as belonging to the liberal wing of the Court

Education: Cornell University -- Harvard University -- Columbia University

Justice Bryer

Associate Justice Stephen Breyer(MA)(Born in 1938)

Appointed by: President B. Clinton -Democrat in 1994

Political View: Breyer is generally associated with the more liberal side of the Court

Education: Stanford University -- Magdalen College, Oxford -- Harvard University

Justice Alito

Associate Justice Samuel Alito (NJ)(Born in 1950)

Appointed by: President G. W. Bush - Republicain in 2006

Political View: Alito has been described by the Cato Institute as a conservative jurist with a libertarian streak.

Education: Princeton University -- Yale University

Justice Sotomayor

Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor (NY) -(Born in 1954)

Appointed by: President B. Obama (Democrat) in 2009

Political View: Sotomayor has been a reliable member of the liberal bloc when the justices divide along the commonly perceived ideological lines.

Education:Princeton University -- Yale University

Justice Kagan

Associate Justice Helena Kagan (MA) - (Born in 1960)

Appointed by: President B. Obama - Democrat in 2010

Political View: Kagan has been a reliable member of the liberal bloc when the justices divide along the commonly perceived ideological lines

Education: Princeton University -- Worcester College, Oxford -- Harvard University

Federal judges can only be removed through impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction in the Senate. Judges and justices serve no fixed term — they serve until their death, retirement, or conviction by the Senate.

The Constitution states that Justices "shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour." This means that the Justices hold office as long as they choose and can only be removed from office by impeachment.

The only Justice to be impeached was Associate Justice Samuel Chase in 1805. The House of Representatives passed Articles of Impeachment against him; however, he was acquitted by the Senate.

How many courts of appeals are there?

There are 13 judicial circuits, each with a court of appeals. The smallest court is the First Circuit with six judgeships, and the largest court is the Ninth Circuit, with 29 judgeships. A list of the states that compose each circuit is set forth in Title 28 of the U.S. Code, Section 41. The number of judgeships in each circuit is set forth in Title 28 of the U.S. Code, Section 44

How many district courts are there?

There are 89 districts in the 50 states, which are listed with their divisions in Title 28 of the U.S. Code, Sections 81-144. District courts also exist in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands. In total there are 94 U.S. district courts. Some states, such as Alaska, are composed of a single judicial district. Others, such as California, are composed of multiple judicial districts. The number of judgeships allotted to each district is set forth in Title 28 of the U.S. Code, Section 133.

American Political System
Income Tax = Social security tax + Medicare tax + Federal tax + State tax

Credits & Deductions

There are a variety of credits and deductions for individual and business taxpayers. The Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Child and Dependent Care Credit help millions of families every year. There are also a number of credits for small and large businesses. You may have taken deductions when you prepared your annual tax return. In addition to the standard deduction for individuals, common deductions include home mortgage interest, state and local tax, and charitable contributions. Many business expenses are deductible as well.

Individual CreditsBusiness Credits
  • Earned Income Tax Credit
  • First Time Homebuyer Credit
  • Adoption Credit
  • Child and Dependent Care Credit
  • Lifetime Learning Credit
  • Small Business Health Care Credit
  • Business Depreciation Credit
  • Plug-in Electric Vehicle Credit
  • Casualty, Disaster & Theft Losses Credit
  • Advanced Energy Credit for Manufacturers
Individual DeductionsBusiness Deductions

The American political system is clearly defined by basic documents. The Declaration of Independence of 1776 and the Constitution of 1789 form the foundations of the United States federal government.

The United States Constitution is the shortest written constitution in the world with just seven articles and 27 amendments.The first ten amendments were all carried in 1789 - the same year as the original constitution - and are collectively known as the Bill of Rights. If one accepts that these first 10 amendments were in effect part of the original constitutional settlement, there have only been 17 amendments in over 200 years (the last substantive one - reduction of the voting age to 18 - in 1971)

The President is both the head of state and the head of government, as well as the military commander-in-chief and chief diplomat. He presides over the executive branch of the federal government, a vast organisation numbering about 4 million people, including 1 million active-duty military personnel. Within the executive branch, the President has broad constitutional powers to manage national affairs and the workings of the federal government and he may issue executive orders to affect internal policies.

The Cabinet and independent federal agencies are responsible for the day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws. These departments and agencies have missions and responsibilities as widely divergent as those of the Department of Defense and the Environmental Protection Agency, the Social Security Administration and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress. The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.

The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states in proportion to their total population. In addition, there are 6 non-voting members, representing the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and four other territories of the United States. The presiding officer of the chamber is the Speaker of the House, elected by the Representatives. He or she is third in the line of succession to the Presidency.

Where the Executive and Legislative branches are elected by the people, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Federal courts enjoy the sole power to interpret the law, determine the constitutionality of the law, and apply it to individual cases.

Article III of the Constitution, which establishes the Judicial Branch, leaves Congress significant discretion to determine the shape and structure of the federal judiciary. Even the number of Supreme Court Justices is left to Congress (the current number is nine, with one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices).

Each state has its own written constitution, and these documents are often far more elaborate than their federal counterpart.

Under the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, all powers not granted to the federal government are reserved for the states and the people. All state governments are modeled after the federal government and consist of three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.

In every state, the executive branch is headed by a governor who is directly elected by the people. In most states, the other leaders in the executive branch are also directly elected, including the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the secretary of state, and auditors and commissioners.

Local governments generally include two tiers: counties, also known as boroughs in Alaska and parishes in Louisiana, and municipalities, or cities/towns. In some states, counties are divided into townships. Municipalities can be structured in many ways, as defined by state constitutions, and are called, variously, townships, villages, boroughs, cities, or towns. Various kinds of districts also provide functions in local government outside county or municipal boundaries, such as school districts or fire protection districts.

All 50 states have legislatures made up of elected representatives, who consider matters brought forth by the governor or introduced by its members to create legislation that becomes law. The legislature also approves a state's budget and initiates tax legislation and articles of impeachment.

Except for one state, Nebraska, all states have a bicameral legislature made up of two chambers: a smaller upper house and a larger lower house. Together the two chambers make state laws and fulfill other governing responsibilities. (Nebraska is the lone state that has just one chamber in its legislature.) The smaller upper chamber is always called the Senate, and its members generally serve longer terms, usually four years. The larger lower chamber is most often called the House of Representatives, but some states call it the Assembly or the House of Delegates.

State judicial branches are usually led by the state supreme court, which hears appeals from lower-level state courts. Court structures and judicial appointments/elections are determined either by legislation or the state constitution. The Supreme Court focuses on correcting errors made in lower courts and therefore holds no trials. Rulings made in state supreme courts are normally binding; however, when questions are raised regarding consistency with the U.S. Constitution, matters may be appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court.

Good To Know

In 1994 Tennessee became one of the first states to allow in-person early voting. And like other states, Tennessee has seen the number of voters casting ballots before Election Day increase significantly in the years since.

-- Pew Charitable Trusts
Useful Links
2013 Balance Of Power
Federal Government
  • President
  • Democrat
  • Senate
  • 55
  • 45
  • House
  • 207
  • 238
State & Local Government
  • Governor
  • 29
  • 21
November 4,2014 Election
In 44 days

Recommended Blog Posts

State Legislation on Voter ID

There are several situations when voters need to show identification before voting. Usually, ID is required to prove the voter's identity and residency at the address of the registration. ... Read more

State Legislation on Minimum Wage

The legislatures in four states, California, Connecticut, New York and Rhode Island, enacted bills providing for minimum wage increases starting in 2014. In addition, New Jersey voters approved a Constitutional amendment in November 2013 to raise the minimum wage in 2014 and tie future increases to the cost of living ... Read more

Early and Absentee Voting

Early voting varies by state and typically ends a few days before Election Day. It starts as early as 45 days before the election but the average starting time is 22 days. Often, the time to vote early ranges from four days to 45 days but on average 19 days is the average length across all 33 states ... Read more

Voter Registration Deadlines

You can register to vote by mail using the National Mail Voter Registration Form and almost all states allow voters to vote by mail. States that do not accept the National Mail Voter Registration Form are North Dakota, Wyoming, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. New Hampshire accepts it only as a request for an absentee voter mail-in registration form, according to USA.gov ... Read more

Presidential Executive Orders Since 1937
PresidentDatesTotal Issued
Barack Obama 2009-Present184
Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1961486
Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-19452019
George Bush 1989-1993166
George W. Bush 2001-2009291
Gerald R. Ford 1974-1977169
Harry S. Truman 1945-1953901
Jimmy Carter 1977-1981320
John F. Kennedy 1961-1963214
Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-1969324
Richard Nixon 1969-1974346
Ronald Reagan 1981-1989381
William J. Clinton 1993-2001364
Quick Facts
  • Population :311,591,917
  • Voting Age : 237,657,645
  • White not Hispanic : 63.4%
  • Persons of Hispanic : 16.7%
  • Black persons : 13.1%
  • Asian persons : 5.0%
  • Native American : 1.2%
  • States : 50
  • U.S. Senators : 100 (50*2)
  • U.S. House Representative : 435
  • Electoral Colleges: 538
  • U.S. Supreme Court Justices: 9